Below are two small python snippets that I use for testing writing to and reading from a new SOLR server.

The script below will attempt to add a document to the SOLR server.

# Using Python 2.X
from __future__ import print_function  
import pysolr

# Setup a basic Solr instance. The timeout is optional.
solr = pysolr.Solr('http://some-solr-server.com:8080/solr/', timeout=10)

# How you would index data.
solr.add([  
    {
        "id": "doc_1",
        "title": "A very small test document about elmo",
    }
])

The snippet below will attempt to search for the document that was just added from the snippet above.

# Using Python 2.X
from __future__ import print_function  
import pysolr

# Setup a basic Solr instance. The timeout is optional.
solr = pysolr.Solr('http://some-solr-server.com:8080/solr/', timeout=10)

results = solr.search('elmo')

print("Saw {0} result(s).".format(len(results)))